Nineteen forties was the period when art and literature achieved new
dimensions. The craft of fiction in general underwent a drastic change
during this period. The emphasis was shifted to the portrayal of the realities
of life around. The writers showed extraordinary courage to reexamine
the existing values and to give expression to their desire for change.
This trend, laying emphasis on the realities of life vehemently criticised
the prevailing social norms. This new awakening paved the way for Malayalam
fiction to forge ahead.
P. Kesavadev and his contemporaries, Vaikkom Mohammed Basheer and Thakazhi
Sivasankara Pillai are considered the exponents of progressive Malayalam
Literature. They enriched our language and literature by their short stories
Vaikkom Mohammed Basheer (born1906)
Basheer became a popular writer with novel Balyakala Sakhi (1944). Basheer
was a social critic in his writings aiming at the weakness of the Muslim
Community. 'Enttuppuppakkoranendarunnu', 'Mathilukal', Pathummayude Aadu, are his
popular Novels. These and his other novels as well as short stories reveal
the subtlety of his craft. Basheer writes short and crisp sentences. His
naive humour is romantic. In short Basheer played a significant role in
the new era of fiction.
Thakazhi Sivasankara Pillai (born1912)
Thakazhi started his literary career as a short story writer. "He
has an unerring eye for the telling detail and in his best stories he
makes use of this effect by using a simple unadorned style". One of his earliest
novels "Randidangazhi" which projected a marked difference in
the theme proved a success. Many of his novels deal with material disparity
brought in by capitalism, and the struggle of the oppressed class. "Chemmeen"
which deals with the illicit love of Karuthamma and Pareekutty, not only
appeals to finer emotions but also provides an insight into the life of
the fisher folk. 'Enippadikal', Kayar' are his other works.
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